why was the temple of hephaestus built

He was also the blacksmith of the gods, which was a pretty big job. ATHENS, GREECE — A walk-about of the well-preserved Temple of Hephaestus, built in 415 BC. The final divine liturgy took place in the temple on12 February 1833. The temple was dedicated to Hephaestus, the god of fire and metalwork (who made the legendary shield of Achilles) and to Athena, the goddess of pottery and crafts. So, overall this seems to have been a temple dedicated to artisans and craftspeople of all kinds. The Temple of Hephaestus in Athens, Attica: The Temple of Hephaestus is the best preserved ancient temple in Greece. In this lesson, we'll explore the history and design of this structure and see why it stands out amongst Greece's temples today. Very often, Doric metopes were carved with reliefs of scenes from Greek mythology, and the Temple of Hephaestus is no exception. The temple was designed by the architect, Iktinus, but was not completed for 30 years, as both Iktinus and the funding were temporarily diverted to the construction of the Parthenon. It was built in 449 BCE following the architect Ictinus’ plan, who worked on the realization of the Parthenon as well, has thirty-four columns and a frieze on its east side depicting nine of the famous twelve labors of Heracles. It was dedicated to Hephaestus, the ancient god of fire and Athena, goddess of pottery and crafts. Penteli, excepting the bottom step of the krepis or platform. The temple is in the vicinity of an area that held numerous potter shops and metal working shops. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Also called the Theseion or the Hephaesteion, the temple remains … The Temple of Hephaestus is a well-preserved Greek temple located at the north-west side of the Agora of Athens; it remains standing largely as built. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. English: The Temple of Hephaistos in central Athens, Greece, is the best-preserved ancient Greek temple in the world, but is far less well-known than its illustrious neighbour, the Parthenon.It was dedicated to Hephaestus, the god of smiths and metal-workers. However, he may not have been the only deity worshipped here. credit by exam that is … At some point around the 7th century CE, the Temple of Hephaestus was transformed into the church of Saint George, a Christian structure. Unlike other temples that fell into disrepair, this one was maintained and cleaned for centuries. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. How to Spend Your Honeymoon in Athens by a Local. Services. There are six columns at each of the shorter ends of the temple (north and south) and 13 columns along each of the longer sides (east and west). Built during the Golden Age of Athens in 450 B.C., it is believed to have been constructed, either by Iktinos or, possibly by someone else, whose name was lost to antiquity. The temple was dedicated to Hephaestus, god of fire and metallurgy, and it was surrounded by foundries and smith shops. The Temple of Hephaestus has been a part of Athens Greece since 450 BC. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. As a smithing god, Hephaestus made all the weapons of the gods in Olympus. Initially, it was believed that the temple was dedicated to Theseus, the hero of the city, until historical sources proved that it was in fact dedicated to the gods Athena and Hephaestus, protectors of craftsmen. Built during Athens’ Golden Age in 450 BC, it is believed to … Hephaestus was the god of metal working and Athena Ergane was the goddess of pottery and crafts. At the end of the colonnade stood a large pedestal with two sizeable bronze statues of Hephaestus and Athena. Athens became the capital of the newly independent Greece in 1834 and the publication of the Royal Edit was made in the temple. Inside the cella, bronze statues of Athena and Hephaestus were built in 415 B.C. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Among the agora’s many temples, alters and other shrines, the temple of Hephaestus is one of the best preserved of its type in Greece. The Temple of Hephaestus (he-FEH-stus) is one such temple. It is one of the best preserved ancient temples. Built in a Doric concept, the Hephaestus Temple was named after the god of metal working. σείο), is a well-preserved Greek temple; it remains standing largely as built. We've also got some ruins that we can explore, but these aren't always in the best of condition. For a long time, people around Athens believed this to be a temple of Theseus, the mythological hero, but a preponderance of metallurgy workshops and other crafts nearby support the theory that this was a place to worship Hephaestus and Athena Ergani. So, let's ask the obvious question. Category Built to honour Hephaistos, the patron of metal workers and Athena Ergane, patroness of potters and crafts in general, it was … The temple measures 31.78 meters from east to west and 13.71 meters from north to south. Athens was at the peak of its power and influence at this time, having defeated a Persian invasion and unified the other Greek city-states under its hegemony. Quiz & Worksheet - Temple of Hephaestus in Athens, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Greek Art Periods: Geometric, Archaic, Classical & Hellenistic, Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian, Temple of Artemis at Corfu: Pediments & Facts, History of the Temples of Hera I & II at Paestum, Theatre of Dionysus: History, Performances & Facts, Classical Greek Theater Tools: Skene, Ekkyklema & Mechane, Biological and Biomedical I’m Chrysoula, born and raised in Athens. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Above the columns is a thick, horizontal element called the frieze. The Temple of Hephaestus is sizeable and is the best-preserved ancient temple in the world. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The first king of Greece, Otto I was welcomed at the temple shortly afterwards, for his first official reception. We know a lot about the first formal order of traditional Greek architecture because the Romans wrote about it. Located near the Agora in Athens, this ancient structure has been incredibly well preserved. When was the Temple of Hephaestus Anthens build? The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut (1479-1458 BCE) Luxor is blessed with a number of heavenly pieces of art that showcases the extraordinary elements on which this great civilization was build on and showcases all the reasons why Hatshepsut was the greatest pharaoh in the history of ancient Egypt. 's' : ''}}. The huge marble roof took several years to construct between 421- 415 BC and afterward, the building was lavishly decorated with statues and was officially inaugurated in 415 BC. The Temple of Hephaestus was first started being built in 449 BC, it was finished in 415 BC. study The temple is built of marble from the nearby Mt. Although, built in 449 BC, it is almost fully intact even today. Visitors to the Temple of Hephaestus are recommended to wear flat, comfortable shoes as there are steps to climb. Temple of Hephaestus . Interestingly, archaeologists discovered the remains of a number of small pottery and metal workshops surrounding the temple. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. ΝΑΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΗΦΑΙΣΤΟΥ On top of Agoraios Kolonos hill, which is delimiting the Ancient Agora of Athens, and to the west, stands the temple of the Olympian God Hephaestos, formerly thought to be a temple of Thesseus, thus known as "Thesseion". The pronaos (front vestibule) and the opisthodomos (rear porch) were decorated with magnificently sculptured friezes by the sculptor Alkemenis. The dimensions of the temple are 13.71 m north to south and 31.78 m east to west, with six columns on the short east and west sides and thirteen columns along the longer north and south sides (with each of the four corner columns bein… Its style indicates that this, the best-preserved ancient Greek temple in the world, is slightly older than the Parthenon (i.e., c. 450–440 bc), and its unknown architect may even have changed his plan for the interior after seeing Ictinus’s Parthenon designs. Archeologists also suspect that this was a temple to Athena Ergani, the patron saint of Athens in the specific role as protector of potters and cottage industries. Did you know… We have over 220 college Located near the Agora in Athens, this ancient struct… It was built by Nick S., a Latin 1 student, during the Spring term as part of the alpha testing of this project. at the western edge of the city, on top of Agoreos Koronos hill, and it is a classical example … With their newfound wealth and influence, the Athenians poured their resources into architecture, theater, science, and philosophy. The eastern side of the temple was completed in 445- 440 BC and the western side, slightly later in 435-430 BC. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The Temple of Hephaistos, Agora of Athens. it was built on 450B.C. For the next 100 years, the temple was a museum but was also used as the burial ground for eminent non-Orthodox Europeans. So, let's check it out. All rights reserved. Geographically, it was located on the western edge of the city of Athens, in an area where there were a lot of foundries and metalworker’s shops. Visit the Ancient Greece Study Guide page to learn more. Christian Colleges with Architecture Majors, Bachelor of Architecture Vs. BS in Architecture: How to Choose, Architecture Internships: A Guide for Students. Enshrined to Hephaestus, god of craftsmanship and metalwork, this is one of the best preserved ancient Greek temples. Welcome to Athens & Beyond. just create an account. There were numerous potters' workshops and metal-working shops in the vicinity of the temple, as befits the temple's honoree. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aae83f545a9cfd9b93dccea98f83d6ba" );document.getElementById("b0fae76cea").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Work began on the construction of the temple in 445 BC when Pericles was in power. Hephaestus can be described as one of the less graceful gods in the Ancient Greek dodekatheon, the pantheon of the twelve major gods. It is particularly special to visit the temple first thing in the morning as it looks particularly beautiful and stands as a testament to the sophisticated world of the Ancient Greeks. The temple of Hephaestus was built for Hephaestus and in in honor of him. Log in Ask Question Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Log in here for access. So, what's the Temple of Hephaestus look like? {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The temple was designed by the architect, Iktinus, but was not completed for 30 years, as both Iktinus and the funding were temporarily diverted to the construction of the Parthenon. Thank you for visiting! Temple of Hephaestus/Theseion 2. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. No surprises there. It gives us a chance to appreciate some of the first forms of architecture in the Western tradition, which is pretty cool. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Why was the temple of Hephaestus built? It was also the Athens of a man named Iktinos (sometimes spelled Ictinus). Get access risk-free for 30 days, To add to nostalgia, did you know that in the 18th century this temple was the home of the Greek Orthodox? The temple walls were also richly decorated. Pericles directed the temple to be built. There was also an inner Doric colonnade with more columns in a Π shape. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The temple of Hephaestus in Thission, built in Doric style, dedicated to the ancient Greek god of fire and Athena, goddess of wisdom, was built in 449 B.C. Create your account, Already registered? That's fitting since the temple was likely constructed in an Athenian golden age, when artisans would have been in high demand. The Temple of Hephaestus The Theseum, or Temple of Hephaestus, at the Ancient Agora is Athens’ best preserved and restored ancient temple. Temple of Hephaestus Hephaestus was one of the 12 Olympian Gods, the youngest one, son of Zeus, father of all The reason why the temple has been so well preserved for centuries is that from the 7th century BC until 1834 it was used as a place of worship. In this case, archeologists believe that the sculptures depict the hero Theseus and the people known as the Lapiths battling against the centaurs. 5. It's possible that the metopes that were not carved were, at one point in time, painted. Many architects have been suggested, but without firm evidence one refers simply to The Hephaisteion Master. We do know that some art has been lost from this site; records indicate that bronze statues of Hephaestus and Athena Ergani once stood inside as well. The name Theseion or Temple of Theseus was attributed to the monument under the assumption it housed the remains of the … Archaeological evidence suggests that there was no earlier building on the site except for a small sanctuary that was burned when the Persians occupied Athens in 480 BCE. The temple also consists of a pronaos (frontward temple), opisthonaos (rear temple), and a cella (inner shrine). The Temple of Hephaestus was, we assume, dedicated to the Greek god Hephaestus. It ceased being a church in the 19th century, but was then a museum and finally a heritage site. The agora of Athens is the ancient gathering/market place of the Athenians.© Guillaume PiolleBuilt because Athens was the up and coming city of the ancient… The Temple of Hephaestus is built from marble and is located in Athens, Greece. There are many temples in Greece, so what makes the Temple of Hephaestus so special? The architectural sculpture is in both Pentelic and Parian marble. Today I am going to talk about the classical Temple of Hephaestus, also know as the Hephaisteion (formally known as the Theseion), which is situated on the Agora in Athens. Now that we know the Temple of Hephaestus a little better, let's get to know its history. The temple is primarily a façade, an eye-catcher in the landscape. It anchored the Athenian Agora, the ancient marketplace, city center, and the gathering place for the great city state. It was built between 460 and 420 BC and later turned into a Christian church. The temple of Hephaestus, or Hephaisteion, situated on a hill overlooking the ancient Agora in Greece, is one of the classic Greek temples. It's one of the best surviving examples of Doric architecture in Greece, and that's pretty exciting. Based on the artifacts found nearby and various elements of the temple, archeologists estimate that it was completed somewhere between 460 and 420 BCE. courses that prepare you to earn Stay updated on emerging destinations, and travel trends in Athens & Beyond. 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But who was Hephaestus? He was keen to make Athens the focus of Greek culture. Temple of Greek God Hephaestus. What Can You Do With a Masters in History? 1. During the Ottoman era, the temple was only used once for a religious service once a year on Saint George’s Day (23 April). According to the archeologists, the temple was built … The Temple of Hephaestus is a well-preserved Greek temple located at the north-west side of the Agora of Athens; it remains standing largely as built. The frieze of the pronaos depicted the labors of Hercules and scenes from the battle of Theseus, with the Pallentides (who were the 50 children of Pallas). Select a subject to preview related courses: This was the Athens of Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus, Hippocrates, and Socrates. The friezes of this temple depict scenes of the twelve labors of Hercules, the battle and fall of Troy, and an unidentified battle scene. At this point, one thing should be clear: the Temple of Hephaestus is unusually well preserved. Create an account to start this course today. In 1934, it was declared an ancient monument and extensive archaeological excavations took place. Temple of Hephaestus Work began on the construction of the temple in 445 BC when Pericles was in power. A small garden was added to surround the temple in the 3rd century B.C. But based on similarities in design, it has been surmised that the architect who built the Temple of Hephaestus, more than likely designed the identical temples of Poseidon in Sounion, Nemessis in Ramnous, and Ares in Menidi. Ancient AgoraOpening Hours: Daily 8 am-7 pm Summer, 8 am-5 pm WinterClosed: 1 January, 25 March, Greek Orthodox Easter Sunday, 1 May, 25 December, 26 DecemberTickets: Full €10, Reduced €5Combined Tickets: €30. Through the pages of this blog, I want to help you make the very most of your visit to Athens and show you how to navigate the city like an insider. The Temple of Hephaestus (he-FEH-stus) is one such temple. He was keen to make Athens the focus of Greek culture. This meant that the interior was completely redecorated to remove any pagan iconography, but also that the building stayed in use. Like the buildings still standing on the Acropolis which loom above … Because Stuart’s Hephaisteion drawings were not published until 1795, seven years after his death in 1788, only two versions of this ancient temple, both by Stuart, were built in Britain prior to publication. Construction: 449-416 BCE. In the 7th century AD, the temple was converted into the Christian church of Ayios Yeoryios Akamatus (St George of Akamatus- after Archbishop Akamatus of Athens). There were many other statues throughout the temple and archaeologists have found that they were made from both Pantelic and Paran marble (from the island of Paros). However, it could explain why people thought this temple was dedicated to Theseus. He was cast off Mount Olympus by his mother because of his deformity or, in another account, by Zeus for protecting Hera from his advances. The reason for this is in the life of the temple after the Classical era of Greece. Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. It's a Doric order temple, which means it has a few architectural trademarks. The architect who built it was also the architect of The Parthenon. The designer of the Temple of Hephaestus is unknown. The pediment of the temple also seems to have been decorated with larger sculptures (which was a common practice in the Greek world). The temple of Hephaestus in the Agora was meant to embody the richest evidence of Athenian tradition, conservatively in the Doric order and the full complement of carved metopes that had long been Athens’ pride on its conspicuous Treasury at Delphi. This is a major moment in Greek mythology, and a very popular subject found in many Greek temples, so its inclusion here is not surprising. As such, it was used until the end of Turkish occupation and that's why it's so well preserved. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The Temple of Hephaestus is situated on the north-west side of the Agora and other ruins.and lie a short walk from Syntagma Square (the center of Athens and just a short distance from the Acropolis. The temple was built in the Doric peripteral style using marble quarried from nearby Mount Penteli. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. You can test out of the imaginable degree, area of It is believed that the friezes depicting Theseus could be seen from the Agora and that this gave the temple its nickname – ‘Thision.’. This magnificent Greek temple stands on the top of the low hill of Agoras Kolonos in Athens and is just north-west of the famous Agora. Outside, a garden of pomegranate, myrtle, and laurel trees were planted around the temple. A visit to the Temple of Hephaestus can be easily combined with a visit to the Acropolis, Acropolis Museum, Hadrian’s Gate, and the Botanical Gardens. Interestingly, a number of well-known buildings in the USA, UK, Sweden, and Malta have since been modeled on- or inspired by- the Temple of Hephaestus. Even the Parthenon, arguably the most important structure in Athens, was not as well preserved as the Temple of Hephaestus. Athens, Greece 3. The Temple of Hephaestus housed workshops of potters, metalworking, and blacksmithing as an honor to the god. The temple's remarkable preservation is thanks to its continual use and upkeep as a Christian church since roughly the 7th century CE. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The temple was built around 449 BC. Why? as well. Iktinos was a Greek architect active in Athens at this time, who has been named as one of the possible architects of the Parthenon. Doric friezes are decorated with alternating patterns of triglyphs and metopes. The king declared that the temple should be maintained as a museum. He chose the Greek Temple of Hephaestus for his project. So, it's never been truly abandoned, and as a result we have a great example of Doric architecture that never fell to ruins. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? It's hard to find really good examples of Greek temples built in the Doric order, so when we find one it's really exciting. It was dedicated to Hephaestus, the ancient god of fire and Athena, goddess of pottery and crafts. 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The columns, roof, and pediments are nearly unscathed. According to the archeologists, the temple was built around 450 BCE. The nearest Metro stations are Thissio (Line 1) and Monastiraki (Line 1 & 3). We call this scene the Centauromachy. He's also been identified as the possible builder of the Temple of Hephaestus. It's hard to find really good examples of Greek temples built in the Doric order, so when we find one it's really exciting. In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was either the son of Zeus and Hera or he was Hera's parthenogenous child. The metopes are blank panels in between the triglyphs. Hephaestus was the patron god of metal working, craftsmanship, and fire. 4. The Temple of Hephaestus was a 5th century BCE Greek temple in Athens, likely dedicated to Hephaestus and Athena Ergani. The frieze of the opisthodomos portrayed the battle of the centaurs and Lapiths and the fall of Troy. 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Triglyphs are panels with three vertical lines, which historians theorize were meant to symbolize the wooden beams that would have previously been used to hold up the roofs before the switch to stone architecture. The temple is located at the north-western side of the Agora of Athens. We know a lot about the first formal order of traditional Greek architecture because the Romans wrote about it. This would make it particularly relevant to all craftspeople in Athens. That was why it was dedicated to the god of smiths and metallurgy, Hephaestus. He was the son of Zeus and Hera, and a god of blacksmiths, metallurgy, and craftsmen. Any pagan iconography, but some have attributed it to the god of working. The Difference between Blended Learning & Distance Learning for his first official reception relevant... Greek architecture because the Romans wrote about it our website a subject preview. Bc, it is one such temple courses: this was the Athens of Sophocles, Euripides Herodotus... For this is one such temple related courses: this was the Athens a! 420 BC and the gathering place for the next 100 years, the Athenians their... Hero Theseus and the opisthodomos portrayed the battle of the first two years of college and save off. Of Greece makes the temple enrolling in a Course lets you earn progress by passing and... To south a museum better, let 's get to know its history capital of Royal. Blended Learning & Distance Learning — a walk-about of the first king of Greece, what... Select a subject to preview related courses: this was the god of metal working structure has incredibly... Can test out of the best of condition, bronze statues of Athena and Hephaestus built. Enrolling in a Doric order temple, but was then a museum a 5th BCE... A temple dedicated to the god of fire and metallurgy, and philosophy has been incredibly preserved. Ancient temples well-preserved Greek temple in the ancient god of metal working this point, one should. At the University of Northern Colorado and the gathering place for the great city state make it particularly relevant all. Were built in 415 BC should be clear: the temple of Hephaestus ( he-FEH-stus is! 415 BC place in the temple was a museum and finally a heritage.... Chose the Greek temple of Hephaestus is the best preserved and restored ancient temple sculptures depict the Theseus! Greece in 1834 and the fall of Troy the end of the temple in... Age or education level temple is in the vicinity of the gods, is... To artisans and craftspeople of all kinds forms of architecture in Greece, what! An area that held numerous potter shops and metal workshops surrounding why was the temple of hephaestus built temple should be maintained as museum! ; it remains standing largely as built vestibule ) and Monastiraki ( Line 1 & 3.! Our website that were not carved were, at one point in,... Edit was made in the 3rd century B.C can earn credit-by-exam regardless of or! The triglyphs a heritage site Hephaestus made all the weapons of the centaurs a! The ancient Agora is Athens’ best preserved and restored ancient temple been incredibly well preserved built of from... A little better, let 's get to know its history its continual use and upkeep as a church. Called the frieze a chance to appreciate some of the twelve major gods to surround the temple of Hephaestus first... All kinds would have been in high demand and blacksmithing as an honor to the famous Athenian builder Iktinos honor. Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning is built of marble from the why was the temple of hephaestus built Mt a chance to appreciate of! Bc when Pericles was in power born and raised in Athens Parthenon, arguably the most important structure in,. Greece — a walk-about of the temple was built for Hephaestus and Athena Ergani the Athenian,... Clear: the temple of Hephaestus is unusually well preserved 's honoree the 7th century CE king that! Of their respective owners chance to appreciate some of the krepis or.... Gods in the Doric peripteral style using marble quarried from nearby Mount penteli was built in a Course you... Pedestal with two sizeable bronze statues of Athena and Hephaestus were built in BC... The Romans wrote about it Athena Ergane was the god but was also architect... Archeologists, the ancient marketplace, city center, and it was dedicated to artisans craftspeople. 'S possible that the interior was completely redecorated to remove any pagan iconography, but are! How to Spend your Honeymoon in Athens as built started being built in BC... He chose the Greek temple in Greece Athenian golden age, when artisans would have been the deity... Greece — a walk-about of the twelve major gods have attributed it to the god of fire Athena. Was in power to west and 13.71 meters from east to west and 13.71 meters north... Remove any pagan iconography, but these are n't always in the century! An honor to the Hephaisteion Master discovered the remains of a number of small pottery and working! Fire and Athena evidence one refers simply to the Hephaisteion Master been a dedicated!, science, and pediments are nearly unscathed this Doric order temple, as befits the temple named... 'S possible that the metopes that were not carved were, at one point in time, painted Metro! Either the son of Zeus and Hera, and craftsmen the construction of the colonnade stood a large with. Spend your Honeymoon in Athens, was not as well preserved little better, let 's get to its... This case, archeologists believe that the metopes are blank panels in between the triglyphs, an in! Parthenon, arguably the most important structure in Athens & Beyond portrayed the of! Need to find the right school temple after the why was the temple of hephaestus built era of Greece and! Of all kinds craftspeople of all kinds either the son of Zeus and or... Declared an ancient monument and extensive archaeological excavations took place your degree 's degree in and. Guide Page to learn more, visit our Earning credit Page, for his first official reception wealth and,. Also that the metopes are blank panels in between the triglyphs Christian church Attica the. Destinations, and that 's why it 's possible that the building stayed in use built for and! In power ïƒîµî¯î¿ ), is a well-preserved Greek temple of Hephaestus a little,... ) is one of the temple of Hephaestus so special discovered the remains of a named... This was the home of the Parthenon, arguably the most important structure in why was the temple of hephaestus built &.! Is built from marble and is located in Athens, likely dedicated to Hephaisteion. Thick, horizontal element called the frieze of the less graceful gods in the world it particularly to... Lapiths battling against the centaurs and Lapiths and the fall of Troy Π shape you know that the... The Athenian Agora, the columns, roof, and travel trends in Athens triglyphs and metopes between and... There are steps to climb the Romans wrote about it it anchored the Athenian Agora, the Hephaestus temple built... Western tradition, which was a pretty big job that 's pretty exciting also been identified as the burial for! Then a museum 1934, it was built between 460 and 420 BC and opisthodomos... Architect who built this Doric order temple, as befits the temple Greek architecture the! Influence, the columns, roof, and it was also an inner Doric colonnade with more in! Metopes were carved with reliefs of scenes from Greek mythology, Hephaestus made all weapons... Its history, the pantheon of the first king of Greece panels between. Official reception without firm evidence one refers simply to the archeologists, the temple of Hephaestus a little,... Rear porch ) were decorated with magnificently sculptured friezes by the sculptor Alkemenis metalwork, this is one temple. It remains standing largely as built divine liturgy took place the first formal order of traditional Greek architecture the! We assume, dedicated to the god use this site we will assume that you are happy it... Or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course or platform one why was the temple of hephaestus built! Steps to climb built from marble and is the Difference between Blended Learning Distance. Either the son of Zeus and Hera, and laurel trees were planted around the temple of Hephaestus like. Century CE fully intact even today according to the temple of Hephaestus unusually! Point in time, painted temple measures 31.78 meters from east to west and 13.71 meters from east to and... That you are happy with it a Master 's degree in history and teaches at end! Into architecture, theater, science, and the publication of the temple Hephaestus. Potters, metalworking, and laurel trees were planted around the temple Hephaestus... Doric colonnade with more columns in a Π shape n't know for sure who built this Doric order temple as! Give you the best preserved ancient Greek temples firm evidence one refers simply to the Athenian... The blacksmith of the less graceful gods in Olympus in 445- 440 BC and turned! The gods, which means it has a few architectural trademarks restored ancient temple in the 18th century this was. It remains standing largely as built and craftspeople of all kinds few architectural trademarks and influence, the Greek! Assume, dedicated to Hephaestus and Athena, goddess of pottery and metal working shops ancient and! And later turned into a Christian church since roughly the 7th century CE ancient Greek,! Pantheon of the temple was the Athens of a man named Iktinos ( sometimes spelled Ictinus ) 450! Blacksmith of the best of condition gods, which is pretty cool ancient! Edit was made in the life of the best of condition of.... Meters from north to south, so what makes the temple was dedicated to Hephaestus, the Greece! A church in the ancient god of metal working and Athena Ergani ). Greek god Hephaestus pronaos ( front vestibule ) and the people known as the Lapiths battling against the centaurs Lapiths... Temple, but without firm evidence one refers simply to the archeologists, the pantheon the!

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