There is a back glide in the elementary backstroke and a side glide in the sidestroke. Breaststroke, Backstroke, Sidestroke. At the conclusion of the stroke, relax and allow your body to glide through the water for three or four counts. Sometimes used as a recovery or rescue stroke, the elementary backstroke is often considered one of the most relaxing swimming strokes. In this video, I’ll cover the kick, arms, full stroke, and a modified elementary backstroke that I teach to swimmers that are scared or uncomfortable with whip kick. With some practice, you should be able to time it so that you finish both the kick and arm stroke together. Without pausing, move your legs into the catch position. During the power phase, your hands and forearms should always be below the elbows and your elbows should always be below your shoulders. Turn your feet so your toes are pointing out and your ankles are fully flexed up. Turn your hands to a slightly palms-out position. The elementary backstroke requires the swimmer to float flat on the back on the water. They display a flat relaxed body position on the back. Performs Backstroke (25 yards). Recover the arms by bringing your hands back up toward your shoulders. The trailing arm begins its catch and power phases while the leading arm recovers by moving back into the glide position. Floating on your back, spread your knees no farther apart than hip width. Arm Stroke. Perform a shallow-angle dive into deep water at least 9 feet deep, swim front crawl for 50 yards, then swim elementary backstroke for 50 yards using appropriate and efficient turning styles throughout. Performs Breaststroke (pull-breathe-kick-glide sequence) (25 yards). Pre-Requisite: Front glide, front crawl, and backstroke all unassisted for 10 feet. In the sidestroke, the arm strokes and scissors kick are combined so that the legs are drawn up as the leading and trailing arms move toward the chest. Then kick with your legs ending up straight with your feet touching. Finish the recovery by pushing your hands forward just under the surface, fingers leading, until your arms are at their full length in a glide position. In a single motion, sweep your arms quickly toward your feet, bending your elbows and wrists throughout the stroke to push water backward. Drop your heels by bending your knees, keeping them just below the surface. Students in stage 5 work on stroke technique However, this type of backstroke never became a mainstay of competition. Most of the forward motion of the front crawl comes from the arm stroke, which has three phases: catch, power, and recovery. Students will continue to develop basic swimming skills to become stronger and more efficient in the water and learn breath exchange for unassisted swimming and floating. As you finish your glide, repeat the process. https://aforathlete.fandom.com/wiki/Elementary_Backstroke?oldid=52135. My child can…front and back streamline w/kick, swim backstroke, elementary backstroke and side glide 10 feet…. Practice taking a breath for every set of arm cycles on the same side. Flutter Kick on Back with Arm Skulls. Level 5 Safety skills, shallow dive, glide two body lengths and begin any stroke, back and survival float for 2 minutes, front and back crawl for 50 yds., butterfly, elementary backstroke, sidestroke, and breast stroke for 25 yds. The swimmer moves through the water with repetition of this arm stroke and by incorporating a similar leg movement. When your thumb is even with your eye and your arm is straightened to about three-quarters of its length, allow your fingertips to smoothly enter the water. When you have finished both the kick and trailing arm stroke, rest and relax your muscles. Rhythmic breathing 3-5 strokes off the wall 5-7 on the wall. For more information, see Aquatics Supervision, No. 11 11. Breathing and Coordination. A for Athlete is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Must be able to jump into deep water, take a breath and swim front crawl 15 feet unassisted. The water level should be right above the eyebrows. This class will work on stroke development including front/back streamline with kick, backstroke, side glide and elementary backstroke. Avoid lifting your head and shoulders too far out of the water to prevent bobbing and losing forward momentum. It uses a whip kick and a shallow arm pull. swimmer effort. Bring the legs together straight to beghin the next frog kick movement. With you body on its side, straighten the leading (bottom) arm to its full length with your ear resting on your shoulder and your palm facedown. Then bend your arms a little at the elbows as the palms and arms push out and down until your hands are farther apart than the width of your shoulders. Only then should you begin the next cycle. Keep both arms straight during the glide, or resting phase of the stroke. Rest in the prone position as your body glides through the water. Kick. Crawl stroke 6 meters in length to pass. Glide on front at least 2 body lengths, roll to a back float for 5 seconds, then recover to a vertical position. ), © 2019 Boy Scouts of America - All Rights Reserved. The arm pull should feel as though you are grabbing the water ahead of you and pulling yourself forward until your head passes your hands. Elementary Backstroke is a resting stroke, while backstroke is a competitive stroke? Your toes should be pointed and just below the water’s surface. Your hand will pass just a few inches from the centerline of your body. Backstroke arm action on back; Elementary backstroke kick with support, 15 feet; Backstroke, unsupported, 15 feet; Exit Skill #1 - In chest-deep water, superman for 2 body lengths, roll over to a back float for 10 seconds, then recover to a vertical position. Breathing and Coordination. (To avoid getting water in your mouth and nose, keep your forehead slightly higher than your chin as your arms push toward your feet. Prerequisite: Must be able to do back glides with kicking for 5 ft. (preschool) or 10 ft. (youth), Front Crawl with no side breathing for 10 ft. (preschool) or 15 ft. (youth), … Breathing and Coordination. Kick. Backstroke? Arm Stroke. Breathing is easy with the sidestroke since the mouth is out of the water. As your hand becomes level with your shoulder, begin to straighten out your arm as it continues to move back and out to just beside your right hip. Keep your ankles fully flexed and your toes pointed outward. Push hard against the water, and sweep your hand and forearm down and back under your chest. Like breaststroke, the survival backstroke experiences considerable frontal resistance due to … The backstroke is swum on the back in a horizontal position. It is often a swimmer’s first introduction to whip kick or breaststroke kick. They will have to glide through the hoop that will be held out in front of them as they are gliding. When your arms are about halfway through the recovery phase, begin the whip kick. Between the catch and the power phase, lift your chin out of the water, finish exhaling, and quickly take a breath. Prone gliding, padding, kicking, and finding their float positions are the focus. Move your top leg forward and your bottom leg back until your legs and knees are straight. Whether a swimmer is trying to swim to safety or is rescuing another swimmer, the elementary backstroke allows the person to move through the water without expending large amounts of energy. Then push the hands down through the water, propelling the body through the water until touching the outside tops of the thighs. Off the Wall Streamline Glide. Breaststroke Kick (front/back) Beginner Treading (5 - 10 sec) Intro to Side-Breathing. The glide, or rest phase is the most important part of your stroke in survival situations. SKILL: GLIDES AND JUMPS. Incorporate the arm movement with the simultaneous frog kick movement for propulsion through the water. The front crawl has three parts: the flutter kick, the rotating arm stroke, and rhythmic breathing. Keep your elbow, hand, and wrist fixed in this position. Keep your legs straight with your toes pointed and have your arms at your sides with your hands on your thighs. Optional Dolphin kick Catfish | Prerequisites: Front glide with flutter kick, 15 feet; beginning front crawl, 20 feet; roll over by taking a single arm stroke; independent back float, 20 seconds, with recovery; back glide with flutter kick, 10 feet; elementary backstroke with flutter kick, 20 feet; jump into shallow or deep water, return to pool edge; sitting dive. Learning this stroke helps swimmers adjust to floating on the back and incorporates of motions a simple stroke for movement. Don’t be in a hurry. As your arms begin the recovery phase, place your chin and face back in the water. front crawl /back crawl. When the glide begins to slow down, it is time to start another stroke. Separate each swim stroke by a brief glide. To help coordinate your arms and legs in the sidestroke, remember the phrase, “pull, kick, glide.” Start by moving your legs into the catch position. Use your hand and arm to push the water toward your feet while they move to the side of your body. Begin the recovery phase by bringing your hands in together under the chin and your elbows to the sides of your body. This is the catch position. As your foot reaches the end of the kick, straighten your leg and allow your foot to snap downward. Start on your back in the glide position. Lateral breathing, whip kick, and elementary backstroke will also be taught. and elementary backstroke. The Elementary Backstroke was performed in one of the first times in competition in the 1900 Paris Olympics. Keep your legs straight with your toes pointed and have your arms at your sides with your hands on your thighs. The arms pull through the water and recover above the water alternately. Kick from the hip and thigh, not from the knee. 5 / STROKE DEVELOPMENT . 2 strokes that employ body roll? Superman and back glide unassisted 6 meters. Slowly move your hands either up the centerline of your chest or up the sides of your body with your elbows tucked in until your hands reach the shoulders. The trailing (top) arm should rest comfortably alongside your body with the hand above the thigh. The arm stroke for the elementary backstroke is simple. Arm Stroke. As one foot moves downward, the other comes up in a fluttering rhythm. Class will be held in main pool and occasionally the diving tank. Jump Into Pool & Exit. Student can do elementary backstroke arms and can be supported throughout. Prerequisites: Must already be able to comfortably place face in water and swim for 15 feet, unassisted. As your foot moves upward, keep that leg and knee straight. Reach out straight out from your shoulder with the trailing arm. LEVEL 3: Front Crawl and Elementary Backstroke. The elementary backstroke is another restful stroke, a good one to use when you need to swim for longer periods of time. In stage 2, students focus on body position and control, directional change, and forward movement in the water while also continuing to practice how to safely exit in the event of falling into a body of water. Breaking down backstroke technique into it's separate parts makes it easier to focus on one part at a time. Reverse direction while swimming on back. The arm stroke for the elementary backstroke is simple. They show long legs with quick kicks on the back. The backstroke is the only one of the four competitive strokes that is swum on the back. Drop your heels down to begin the recovery phase. 9 9. The elementary backstroke is also used as a rescue tool. As your hand exits the water, the recovery phase begins. Tell her to bend at the hips and the knees, hold her breath, and put her face in the water. Prone glide with push-off for two body lengths. This is the catch position. This is the catch position. To begin the catch, slightly bend your right wrist and elbow as you move the entire arm downward. To move into the power phase, bring both legs back together with a forceful snapping motion like closing a pair of scissors. You can practice the kick by holding the edge of the pool or by supporting yourself on a kick board. The body rolls from side to side, always turning to the side of the arm that is currently pulling in the water. Strive to make your movements continuous. Here are the 10 most essential parts to focus on when performing backstroke... 10 Steps to Better Backstroke Technique. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. For these reasons, you should begin the recovery of the arms before the legs. Your feet must move outward wider than the position of your knees and act like paddles to push the water behind you. Student can start free and back with a glide. Move your leading arm until it reaches the middle of your chest, while you move your trailing arm up the side of your body. Seated Dives Recover Float. Skills to be taught: Dive from side of pool in stride or compact positions; Elementary backstroke for 15 yards; Front crawl with rotary breathing 25 … For the power phase, straighten your wrist and bend the elbow so your forearm is about 45 degrees from the upper arm. Reverse direction while swimming on front. This backstroke doesn't require any complicated breathing technique since the swimmer's head never goes underwater. After gliding through the hoop, the students will swim to the other side and get ready to repeat the action. Breathe in during the power phase of the leading arm and breathe out during the power phase of the trailing arm. Rotary breathing, glide with push off of two body lengths and tread water. The elementary backstroke uses the whip kick. The Elementary Backstroke is a swim stroke that expends minimal energy with simple arm and leg movements. Start from a prone float with your arms out straight, wrists slightly bent, and fingers pointed downward. Start on your back in the glide position. However, efficient arm and leg actions can speed up rescues and assist with the stabilization of the victim. Back Glide into Back Stroke Arms: Scissor Kick: 50 yd Elementary Backstroke: Feet-first surface dive: jellyfish: Front Glide into Freestyle Arms and Legs Together: Breaststroke: arms and legs together, incorporate breathing: Back Glide into Back Stroke Arms and Legs Together: Sidestroke Arms: 50 yd Freestyle: using open turns: Sculling with Hands: on back As your hand passes the shoulder, it reaches up and forward to enter the water again when it is at shoulder level. Hold the glide position for three or four counts and then repeat the stroke. Start by lifting your elbow up and forward. Students progress at different rates and come to Gold Medal Swim School with varying levels of swimming experience. Demonstrate elementary backstroke kick--ten yards. Elementary backstroke is introduced. Body Roll (front/back) Elementary Backstroke. When you need to take a breath, exhale all of the remaining air into the water during the power phase of the arm stroke. Turn the palm of the leading arm until it is vertical with the thumb on top. To begin the power phase, move your feet and lower legs in a whipping motion to trace an oval shape. Kick. To begin the power phase, move your feet and lower legs in a whipping motion, pushing outward and backward until your legs and feet are touching in a glide position. Start in the glide position on your side with one ear in the water and the nose, mouth, and other ear out of the water. Your feet must be farther apart than your knees. Elementary backstroke: Both arms move synchronized (They begin out like an airplane, then go beside the body like a soldier then they run up the sides and back out to an airplane position) with whip kick. At the end of the power phase, your toes should be pointed back and away from your body. To do the scissors kick, bring your knees together and then bend them as you bring your lower legs and heels toward the buttocks. Even better, you can teach your kid the arm motion while lying on the living-room carpet. The kick should be smooth and steady, and your feet should stay just under the water with only your heels breaking the surface. Have your palm facing away from your body. Sidestroke Glide Once you are back in the glide position, hold and rests in that position until your forward movement begins to slows. Kick. Sometimes used as a recovery or rescue stroke, the elementary backstroke is often considered one of the most relaxing swimming strokes. Glide on front and back 3 body lengths; Float on front and back for 30 seconds in deep water; Step or jump into chest-deep water; Intro to scissors kick; backstroke arm and leg action; Elementary backstroke 15 yards; Combined swim front 25 yards; Tread deep water for 30 seconds; Safety skills For the elementary backstroke you begin with your hands at your sides, draw them upward along your body to the shoulders, then extend outward into a T-shape for the catch. A front glide is when you propel through the water face down in a streamlined position. Have your child assume the streamlined position while standing, as described above. As your body rotates during the middle of the power phase, start turning your head so that your mouth is out of the water just as your hand exits by your hip. 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You are back in the water 5 seconds, then recover to a position... Leg back until your forward elementary backstroke glide begins to slow down, it is considered! Resting stroke, a good long-distance stroke with a glide the backstroke simple. Time than the arms before the legs together straight to beghin the next frog kick movement your kid the motion! Most relaxing swimming strokes then push the water with repetition of this arm stroke together pulling in elementary! Bring both legs back together with a forceful snapping motion like closing pair.
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